Small Business Data Resources

Research-quality data on small businesses, including those from data from government, non-profit and private sector sources, can be dispersed and difficult to find. We have collected information on data sources as an aid to other empirical researchers interested in better informing the small business sector.

Researchers can sort the following searchable list of data sources on the US small business sector by data source owner type, owner, access to the data, data type, reporting frame, and the topics covered by the data sources. We owe a significant debt of gratitude to prior efforts to identify small business data resources by researchers at the SBA.

Please send feedback, corrections, and additions to vafgvghgr@wczpunfr.pbz.

Please choose a category below to filter the data.


ID Data Source Owner Type Owner Access Data Type Reporting Frame Category Popular Dynamics Employment Market Financing Innovation Demographics Taxes/Reg URL


Owner Type:

  • Public: Federal or local government agency
  • Non-Profit: Non-profit / non-governmental organization
  • Private: For-profit private sector organization


  • Public: No restrictions on data access—freely available to any interested party
  • Restricted: Available to a limited set of qualified researchers, typically with restrictions
  • Commercial: Available to any interested party at a cost (typically applies to data owned by private entities)
  • Private: Available only to data owner (typically applies to data owned by private entities)

Data Type:

  • Administrative: Generated from customers, counterparties or other product users as a part of business or organizational processes
  • Primary: Generated from one or more primary research methods (e.g. survey, observation, interview)
  • Secondary: Data synthesized from data collected through primary or administrative methods

Reporting Frame:

  • Transaction: Within-firm transactions / behaviors
  • Firm: Attributes of individual firms
  • Owner: Attributes of firm owners
  • Aggregate: Aggregate data summarizing attributes of firms and / or owners
  • Index: Level of aggregate data point relative to the same aggregate data point at some fixed period in time


  • Population Dynamics: Counts of firms, entries, exits, firm age
  • Employment: Employer status, wages, jobs, benefits
  • Market: Revenues, expenses, supply and demand
  • Financing: Supply / use of credit, equity, other investments
  • Innovation: Patents, research and development
  • Demographics: Characteristics of firm owners
  • Taxes/Regulation: Taxes and regulation