States with highest and lowest spending level in 2016

Top 5 States Average Spending
Bottom 5 States Average Spending
Source: JPMorgan Chase Institute

1 Source of uninsurance rate data: Enroll America’s Uninsured Estimates for Non-Elderly Adults (2013-2016)

2 Average estimated annual gross income reflects the annual pre-tax estimate of family income for each account holder ascertained by JPMorgan Chase using individual, third-party, and zip code-level data.